Socialist Republic of Viet Nam:

Capital: Hanoi
Lying on the eastern part of the Indochinese peninsula, Vietnam is a strip of land shaped like the letter “S”. China borders it to the north, Laos and Cambodia to the west, the Eastern Sea to the east and the Pacific Ocean to the east and south.
Mountains and hills cover two thirds of the mainland. Areas above 500m in altitude account for 70 percent of the mainland. The most grandiose and highest mountain ranges lie in the west and northwest of the country.
Ethnic groups:
Vietnam is a multi-nationality country with 54 ethnic groups. The Viet (Kinh) people account for 87% of the country's population and mainly inhabit the Red River delta, the central coastal delta, the Mekong delta and major cities. The other 53 ethnic minority groups, totaling over 8 million people, are scattered over mountain areas (covering two-thirds of the country's territory) spreading from the North to the South.
Among ethnic minorities, the largest ones are Tay, Thai, Muong, Hoa, Khmer, and Nung with a population of around 1 million each, while the smallest are Brau, Roman, Odu with several hundred people each.
Living on the Indochina land - where it is a gateway in connection with Southeast Asia mainland with Southeast Asia islands, Vietnam is the mixture place of different cultures in the region. Here, there are enough three big linguistics families in the Southeast Asia, the linguistics family of Southern islands and the Chinese-Tibeto linguistics family. The language of Vietnamese ethnic groups belongs to eight groups of different languages.
The voice of each ethnic group creates different languages, but due to Vietnamese ethnic groups live closely, one ethnic group may know languages of some others whom has regular relationship while their own culture character. The diversification culture of ethnic groups is put in general unification rule - the rule of advanced growth of country, like a united particularity in the common of philosophy category.
 
 
Political system:
Over the past 75 years, the Communist Party of Vietnam (CPV) has been in the vanguard of the struggle for national independence, liberating the country from almost a century of domination by western colonialists and leading the people to total victory in the 30-year resistance war against powerful aggressors. Since the country's reunification, the CPV has led the Vietnamese people in carrying out the country's renovation, modernization and industrialization.
The CPV has established a nationwide political system with the Party serving as the core that assists the Party leadership and mobilizes the people to realize the goals of national independence, democracy, and social progress. At present, the CPV has worked out a program for national construction which may be described as: Rich people--strong nation--equitable, democratic and civilized society. To achieve these goals, the CPV, in accordance with the principle of "the people as the country’s roots", has set up a wide and diversified political system.
The current political system of Vietnam is composed of the following: the CPV, political organizations, socio-political organizations, socio-professional organizations, and mass associations.
Tourism:
In 1981, Vietnamese tourism became a member of the World Tourism Organization (WTO). In 1989, it was the member of the Pacific Asia Tourism Association (PATA). With the policy on bringing tourism as an important economic industry of the country's general economic structure, the Vietnamese Government has already approved the general plan of national tourist development. International cooperation, promotion and advertisement on tourism are highlighted. Vietnam has signed 12 tourism cooperation agreements with Southeast Asian nations, China, France, Uzbekistan, Israel and some others in the future. Many Vietnamese tourist enterprises have been participating in PATA, JATA, ASTA and having business relations with 800 business partners from over 50 countries. There are more than 80 international travel companies operating nationwide. Quantity and quality of hotels in several recent years have been considerably improved. In order to meet the increasing demand of visitors, the Vietnamese tourism has already mobilized internal and external resources to develop technical infrastructure, especially hotels and restaurants to serve 8.9 million international visitors and 25 million domestic tourists. Many tourism cooperation projects with foreign partners are still implemented.
Culture overview:
Vietnam has an age-old and special culture that is closely attached to the history of the formation and development of the nation.
Historians have shared a common view that Vietnam has a fairly large cultural community that was formed around the first half of the first millenium B.C. and flourished in the middle of this millenium. That was Dong Son cultural community. This culture attained a degree of development higher than that of others at that time in the region and had its own characteristics but still bore the features of Southeast Asian culture because of the common South Asian racial root (Southern Mongoloid) and the wet rice culture. Different development routes of local cultures in various areas (in the deltas of Red River, Ma River, Ca River and so on) joined together to form the Dong Son culture. This was also the period of the very "embryonic" state of Vietnam in the form of inter- and super-village community, which came into being and existed in order to resist invaders and to build and maintain dykes for rice cultivation. From this pattern of "embryo" state, primitive tribes grew into nations.
 
 
Vietnam National Convention Center
 Vietnam National Convention Center
 
 
Ha Long Bay, a World Heritage Site
Ha Long Bay, a World Heritage Site
Sunset in the fishing village of Mui Ne on the south-east coast
Sunset in the fishing village of Mui Ne on the south-east coast
 
My Dinh National Stadium in Western Hanoi
My Dinh National Stadium in Western Hanoi